Famous Temple and Spectacular Places of Ujjain

Kshipra tat is 3 Kms away from Ujjain railway station .Major Ghats Which are made permanent along the side of river Kshipra bank are Guaghat,Ramghat , Narsinghghat,Duttaakhara ghat,Siddhvat ghat, Ganga ghat, Valmiki Ghat , Triveni Ghat, Rinmukteshwar ghat , etc. Apart from these many other ghats are made for bath purpose for Pilgrims. There are more than 20 ghats available. All major temples of Ujjain are situated near by Kshipra tat (bank). All Major Temples of Ujjain are situated near by Kshipra tat. On the River bank of Kshipra many festival based fares like Suryagrahan, Chandragrahan, Somvati Amavasya, Vaishak Purnima, Gangadushahara are celebrated and thousands of Pilgrims take a holi dip in Kshipra, on these Ghats especially on Ramghat and Duttakhara the shahisnan and other important perv snan take place during the Kumbh Perv.

Out of the three sacredly worshipped Shivlingas of universe God Mahakaal of Ujjain has the greatest importance.

आकाशे तारकांलिंगम्, पाताले हाटकेश्वरम्।

मृत्युलोके महाकालं, सर्वलिंग नमोस्तुते।।


The Meaning is Tarakalinga is above the earth, haatkeshwarlinga beneath the earth and Mahakaal on the earth.

The greatness of Mahakaal is all pervasive. Mahakaal is the originator of the whole universal. Our everlasting faith in god and religion has major cause in believing Mahakaal as the Supreme god on the earth. Mahakaal himself is the propagator of the kaal (Time).

कालचक्र प्रवर्तको महाकाल: प्रतापन:।

VarahPuran gives the answer of the question of where situates Mahakaal on the earth, as Mahakaal resides on the center point (Nabhi) of the earth which is Ujjain.

Shree Mahakaleshwar is honour for Ujjain, the glory of Mahakaal is Divining. As per ShivPuran Mahakal is famous among 12 Jyotriling because he himself is Kaal of Kaal.

ज्योतिर्लिंग-

सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्।

उज्जयिन्यां महाकलमो•.कारममलेश्वरम्।।

परल्यां बैजनाथं च डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम्।

सेतुबन्धे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारूकावने।।

वाराणास्यां तु विश्वेशं त्रंयबकं गौमती तटे।

हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं च शिवालये।।

एतानि ज्योतिर्लिंगानि सायं प्रात: पठेन्नर:।

सप्त जन्म कृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति।।

These 12 jyotirlings are situated in all directions of India as Kedarnath is in North, Rameshwaram is in South, Somanath is in West, Mallikarjun in East and Mahakaal is Situates in the center of India. The rest Jyotirlings are also situated in important directions with specific angles.

Mahakaal and Astrology

Jyotirlings is not only a symbol of knowledge and light but also of astrological calculations. The center of this calculation is Mahakaal. There are 12 Jyotirlings, 12 Sun(Aditya), 12 months, 12 planets and 12th hours in kundali and all these are 12th hours of the kundali of India. Therefore these are sacred and worshiped for time immemorial and these 12 give equal results as those of the 12 hours of kundali.

The resolution of the problems associated with the agents of the 12 kundali hours can be obtained by worshiping jyotirlings placed in 12 different places. The line of cancer (Kark) passes from Ujjain and in the form of whose center the temple of Karkrayeshwar is situated in Ujjain.

Geographical Condition

The World famous Mahakaleshwar Temple is 2 Km away from the Ujjain Railway station and is spread over a large area on the banks of river Kshipra. This is the only Jyotirling that has south facing. In the Garbhgriha of the Temple there are silver statues of Shri Ganesha, Shri Kartkeya and Parvati. On the inner wall of roof there is a Rudra Yantra which made up of 100 Kg Silver and just under this situates the Jyotirling. The statue of Nandi is at the front of the Garbhgriha gate. The bhasmarti takes place everyday at 4 am only in this temple. On every Monday during the Shravan, Mahakaleshwar the ruler of Ujjain takes a round of the city. The present Temple was built in the Maratha time but the nearly pond was built during the Parmar Time.

History of the Temple

Avanti Khand of the Skand Puran says that

महाकाल: सरिच्छिप्रा गतिश्चैव सुनिर्मला,

उज्जयिन्यां विशालाक्षीं वास: कस्य न रोचते।।

स्नानं कृत्वा नरो यस्तु महानद्यां हि दुर्लभम।

महाकालं नमस्कृतं नरो मृत्यं न शोचयेत्।।

Means who will not like the place where there is Mahakaleshwar, there is clean water of Kshipra. One does not fear from death on having Mahakaal Darshan after taking bath in Shipra.

It is situated 7 Kms away from the City on Ujjain-Fatehabad railway line. Road approach is available. The Ganesh Idol is believed to be Self Created. As the Statue is Ancient one, on every Wednesday of Chaitra Month, a large gathering of Pilgrims Come Here. It is believed that on seeing it every wish gets fulfilled and worry is eliminated. A special custom of offering the first marriage Card to the Chintaman Ganesh is practiced here.

This Temple is 4 Kms away from the City. It is said that great poet Kalidas used to worship this same statue Goddess Kali. Temple has statue of Maa Kali, Lord Vishnu and Hanuman. King Harshwardhan renovated this Temple in 7th Century AD and later the same work was done by Scindhiyas.This Temple is one of the ancient temples of Ujjain. Every Year on the Occasion of Both the Navratris, Thousands of Devotees gather here to perform the special worship rituals. This Place is a Siddhapeeth, one of out of 12 Siddhapeeths.

On the Bank of River Kshipra and 5 Kms away from the city, this temple is, as described in the Matsya Puran the origin place of Mangal (Mars) planet. A special Worship rituals prayer is done here on every Tuesday which is attended by thousands of devotees who worship Mangal Linga.

This very ancient temple is situated on the bank of Kshipra and 4 Kms away from city. This place is one of the eight famous Bhairav places of Lord Shaiv cult. Traditionally Liquor is offered to Bhairav in the form of Prasad. This Place has a special significance for the Kapalik and Aughad Cult.

This Deity is the ever worshipped deity of King Vikramaditya. Harsiddhi has a specific importance in the ancient and sacred places of Ujjain. One of the 84 Siddh Places as per shiv Puran the Kohni (Elbow) of Devi Sati fell down here.

As per Skand Puran in ancient time, Chanda Munda, the two Devils terrorized the whole country. After creating disturbance by them on Kailash Mountain, Shiv invoked deity chandi and she killed them. On this Happily Shiv praised her and declared

हरस्तामाह हे चण्डी संहृतौ दुष्ट दानवौ।

हरसिद्धि तो लोके नाम्ना ख्यातिं गगिष्यति।।

that as she has killed the devils she will be named as Harsiddhi. Temple has four doors on all four sides. The main door is on the east, on south there is well which has a pillar bearing the march of 1947. Temple has the statue of deity Annapurna on the front of the Temple, two large and tall pillars with 726 light stands (Diyas) are situated. These give very picturesque sight during the Navratri.

5 Kms away from the city, this famous siddh place is also ranked as paapmochan (Sin Purifier) teerth. As per purans,this vat(tree) was Planted by Parvati and she herself worshipped it and place is as important and famous as the Akshay Vat of Prayag and Gaya, Banshi Vat of Mathura and Vsindawan and Panchvati of Nashik. Sadhus of the Naath Cult also Worship here. It is believed that rituals that are performed after death like Shraadh, Pind, Tarpan, Pind Daan, Kaalsarp Shanti and Tripindi Shraadh, give special benefit if performed here.A resthouse and Restaurants is built for pilgrims and Travelers.

King Bhartari left his kingdom to his younger brother Vikram (later known as king Vikramaditya) took renunciation and received the teachings of the Naath Cult. On the North side inside the cave there is a status of Gopinath. This cave, best Suitable for yoga practice, is near Gadhkalika and is 5 Kms away from city. Inside this cave is the cave of Bhartari. There are four ways from inside that go to the Chardhams. Presently due to the security reasons these are closed down.

On the west to Ankpaat behind the Sandipani Ashram there is Vishnusagar and Shri RamJanardan Mandir situates near to this. This Picturesque place is famous for tourism. Out of the two temples which are here, in one statue of Shri Rama Lakshamana and Sita and in the other one the statues of Janardan Vishnu are placed. Built in the 17th Cen by Mirza raja Jaisingh this temple has a large pond in front. The Temple of Chitragupta and Dharmaraj Situate near by.

A huge tall statue of Ganesh ji is situated near Mahakaleshwar. This is Modern and attractive near to this statue is the statue of PanchMukhi Hanuman made of sapta (seven) Dhatu (metal)

Iskcon is an international spiritual organization founded by Krishna krupa Murti Shrimad Abhay Charnavind Swami Prabhupaad in 1996 an New York. It is called International Society for Krishna Consciousness. In almost every country of the world Iskcon has its centers. At Ujjain the education place of lord Krishna, in Nov 2004 at the Community hall of Mahananda Nagar, Iskon establishes its centre Madhya Pradesh government has allotted some 300 Acre land near Kshipra to conduct the activities to Iskon. On the Bharatpuri Administrative area of Ujjain, Shri Radha MadanMohan temple is constructed on 10000 sq.ft. Area with three temples in the Garbhgriha which have separately 12 feet high gold plated doors. The beautiful statues of Vidhyanand Prabhuji, the bhaktavatar of Balramji, in the first temple from and of Mahabrabhuji, the bhaktavatar of shri Krishna are placed and at the centre white statues of MadanMohan Krishna and of the Radha Rani are placed in the third temple, while statues of Balramji and black stone statue of Shri Krishna are placed. In front of all these three temples there is a huge auditorium with a capacity of 1000 people in which a life like statue of swami Prabhupaad is placed.

This guard deity is situated on South – West Corner of Ujjain. This place has archaeological importance and is associated to the tradition of the Naath cult. A pond of the Parmar time is there in front of temple. Two small temples of which one has the stale of god Kaartikeya are placed on the both sides of this pond. As this place is situated on the ancient parKota (boundary) of the city, it is called Nagarkot Ki Rani.

It is situated on Ujjain-Indore Road, 5 Kms away from City. It has ancient statues of Navgrihas (Nine Planets). Pilgrims gather here on every Shanichari Amaavasya in large Number and take holy bath in Kshipra and after darshan as a custom they donate(leave off) their old cloths and footwear in order to get rid of bad effects of Shani.

This Temple is situated near Mahakaleshwar temple on the way to Patni Bazaar. As it has 24 Pillars, it is called Choubis Khamba. On the both side of its ancient gate, the statues of Mahamaya Devi and Mahalaya Devi are placed. This Place is also associated with Devi Bhadrakaali.

This beautiful and huge temple is at the North of Ramanujkot. Made by the Sirvi Society, the Temple has the Statues of the nine incarnations of Devi Durga as Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Siddhidatri, Kushmand, Katyayini, kaalratri, and Mahagauri. The Temple has three Stories (storey) with the statue of God Shiva on the Top Story.

This is situated at the center of the city; it was built in the 19th Cen by Bayjatai Shinde, the wife of Maharaja Daulatrao Shinde. It’s atop and Garbhgriha are made of marble with statues of Devi Rukmani on left side and of Shiv-Parvati on the right side. Temple has main statues of Gopal Krishna in Black Colour stone and of Radhika in white. There is Gemstone Plate on Door in Garbhgriha about which is said that it was taken to Lahore Gazini and it was brought back from there by Maharaja Scindhiya. On Vaikunth choudas the sawari (procession) of Mahakaleswar in the midnight comes to this temple as shiv goes and meets Gopal. This is called popularly as Harihar Milan (meet). After this the Sawari (procession) of Gopal ji comes to Mahakaleshwar on Bhasmarti and the tulsi dal is offered from the Gopal ji to Mahakaleshwar. This is called Harihar Milan. A special festival takes place here on Bhadrakrishna Janmashtami.

This is Called Ram Mandir which is situated at freeganj area of the city. The statues of Ram Janki on front door and of Shri Radha Krishna on the Back Door are placed on the ground floor and the statues of shri Laxminarayan and Badrinarayan are placed on the first floor.

This is Called Ram Mandir which is situated at freeganj area of the city. The statues of Ram Janki on front door and of Shri Radha Krishna on the Back Door are placed on the ground floor and the statues of shri Laxminarayan and Badrinarayan are placed on the first floor.

Centrally located on NaiSarak and 150 m high this place has temple of Yogeshwar Mahadev, Manas Bhavan and Sheshashayi Vishnu temples are near by.

This Temple is made by Akhand Ashram and is on south of Harsiddhi Mandir. Badrinaath dham, Dwarika dham, Jagannath Dham and Rameshwar dham are placed in this Temple. This Temple gives you different opportunity of having the darshan of Chardham at one place.

On the bank of river Kshipra and 1 Km away from city the vedhshala is build which is also known by the names of Jantar Mantar and Yantra mahal. Astronomically and historically important, this place was built by king Jaisingh some 300 years ago. He was of the opinion that the planetary calculations must be accurate and for this he founded Vedhshalas at Jaipur, Kashi, Delhi and Mathura apart from Ujjain.

Initially Ujjain Vedhshala had only four yantras (Machines) namely (1) Samrat Yantra (2) narivalay Yantra (3) Bhitti Yantra and (4) Digansh Yantra. Later on the fifth Yantra – the Shanku Yantra was added by using Samrat Yantra the local time which obtained through Surya (Sun) Ghadi (Clock) is converted in to the standard time in a table. The Digansh of Various Planets is obtained through the Digansh Yantra. Along with the knowledge of ancient artifice, the making of Panchang is taught here.

Founded and Constructed by the Sai Foundation India in 1999 in village Goyalakhurd near Triveni. Temple has attractive of statues of Sai Baba, Tirupati Balaji, Mahakali, and Sherawali mata, Shahkar and Hanuman and Ramdarbar. It is built with one crore cost , Alongwith temple the premises also has Hospital , Education Centre , Old Age Home , Cow shelter, Bhaktarshram and Library etc. This is a beautiful place.

8 Kms away from the city, this palace is described as Brahma Kund in the Purans. Built on the banks of Kshipra this palace has a sun (Surya Mandir) temple also. Originally it was built in 1458 AD by Mohammad Khilji, Sultan Nasiruddin demolished it and built this Kaliyadeh palace and 52 ponds in the river as he had the habit of eating Paara( ) and on eating to reduce the internal body heat these were used by him. In 1569, King Akbar on having impressed from its beauty also stayed here. In 1616, King Jahangir also stayed here. This Palace was destroyed by Pindaris and was then renovated by Madhav Rao Sihindhia in 1886. He also developed a nice garden here. This palace is a beautiful example of the old and new artifice.

It is situated at the Ankpaat Gate. It has 24 hung statues of deities. Here the Yagnya takes place daily at the Yaguyashala. Solah sanskar ceremony is performed here at no cost. A hospital of naturalopathy is also run over here and the construction work of herbal garden, nakshtra yatika and Pyramid is about to finish. Useful literature written by pt. Shriram Sharma is available here.

Suitable for meditation, this place is near to Mangalnaath with temples of Gangaji and Shankarji. As per one folk tale ,Once Maharshi Sandipani Wanted to bath in Ganga at the Dashmesh Ghat in Kashi and accordingly he spoke Shri Krishna , his disciple to come along for Ganga bath. On this ShriKrishna requested him to take rest for the night so as to take departure on the next morning. Then using his Supernatural power Krishna brought Ganga to this place it self and arranged a bath for his teacher. Thus from then onwards this place was called Gangaghat, River Kshipra flows Northwards in entire Ujjain but only on Gangaghat that it flows east ward.